deSpinoza's “ethics” archief

Op deze pagina's de engelstalige vertaling van de Ethica.

deze rubriek bevat 6 berichten - laatste bericht 12 juni 2005



12 juni 2005

Part I: Concerning God

PART I: CONCERNING GOD. DEFINITIONS. I. By that which is 'self-caused' I mean that of which the essence involves existence, or that of which the nature is only conceivable as existent. II. A thing is called 'finite after its kind'...

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Part II: On the Nature and Origin of the Mind

PREFACE I now pass on to explaining the results, which must necessarily follow from the essence of God, or of the eternal and infinite being; not, indeed, all of them (for we proved in Part i., Prop. xvi., that an...

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Part III: On the Origin and Nature of the Emotions (1)

Most writers on the emotions and on human conduct seem to be treating rather of matters outside nature than of natural phenomena following nature's general laws. They appear to conceive man to be situated in nature as a kingdom within...

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Part III: On the Origin and Nature of the Emotions (2)

XLVI. If a man has been affected pleasurably or painfully by anyone, of a class or nation different from his own, and if the pleasure or pain has been accompanied by the idea of the said stranger as cause, under...

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Part IV: Of Human Bondage, or the Strength of the Emotions

PREFACE Human infirmity in moderating and checking the emotions I name bondage: for, when a man is a prey to his emotions, he is not his own master, but lies at the mercy of fortune: so much so, that he...

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Part V: Of the Power of the Understanding, or of Human Freedom

PART V: Of the Power of the Understanding, or of Human Freedom PREFACE At length I pass to the remaining portion of my Ethics, which is concerned with the way leading to freedom. I shall therefore treat therein of the...

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